Following are some of the common diseases that can afflict your cat:
Upper respiratory infection. This is a contagious disease that cats generally catch from other cats so indoor cats are generally safe from this disease although roaming pets are at risk. URI symptoms include a runny nose, coughing and sniffles and may even develop a fever. Antibiotics are generally prescribed not to cure the infection but to manage possible secondary bacterial problems. Isolate your cat and give him lots of fluids.
Urinary tract disease. This is a common disease that cats as a pet have and has no specific cause although it may be the result of a bacterial infection, dehydration or the high mineral content in cat food. It may be a UTD if your cat has trouble urinating or you find blood in his urine. This infection is treated with medication and by changing the cat’s diet.
Kidney failure. Also known as chronic renal failure, this disease is generally seen in older smartest cat breeds and may be caused by poor diet or as a result of age. Symptoms include frequent urination and extreme thirst. While the damage caused by this condition is irreversible, your vet can prescribe dietary changes to make your cat more comfortable and extend his life.
Diabetes. This is a disease caused by people who have a cat as a pet and feed them too much. Symptoms include excessive urination and increased appetite without weight gain. Cats with diabetes need to get insulin shots once or twice a day and be put on a special diet, and may also need to be treated for dehydration.
Feline distemper. Kittens are the most at risk for this disease. This is a serious condition that many pets die from and has no cure, although cats may be given antibiotics to fight off secondary infections. However, you can vaccinate your cat against distemper. Symptoms include lethargy, vomiting, severe diarrhea, loss of appetite and listlessness.